California blogger and freelance videographer Josh Wolf was ordered back to jail Wednesday, Sept. 20, after a panel of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals revoked his bail. The San Francisco-based panel of three judges ruled against Wolf Sept. 11, stating that 1972 Supreme Court precedent requires everyone, including journalists, to appear before grand juries when summoned.
Wolf is being held in contempt of court for refusing to give up outtakes of video footage he shot during a violent 2005 protest in San Francisco. Wolf rightly maintains that journalists should never be considered arms of law enforcement. To help him cover legal and personal expenses tied to the case, the Society of Professional Journalists has raised more than $33,000.
Wolf's lawyers said they plan to ask the full 9th Circuit court to review the case next month.