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SPJ Code of Ethics
English | PDF version
Arabic [PDF]
Chinese [PDF]
Croatian [PDF]
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German [PDF]
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Macedonian [PDF]
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Portuguese
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Other Codes of Ethics


Codes of Ethics History
Coded Controversy [Quill, April 2010]
1926 Ethics Code [PDF]
1973 Ethics Code [PDF]


Ethics
Ethics Home
SPJ Code of Ethics
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Ethics Committee

Code Words: SPJ’s Ethics Committee Blog
Words Matter: Alt Right Alternatives
TV Execs, Journos Fail Viewers With Off-the-record Meeting
Journalists Should Tread Lightly When Projecting Election Results

Ethics Committee
This committee's purpose is to encourage the use of the Society's Code of Ethics, which promotes the highest professional standards for journalists of all disciplines. Public concerns are often answered by this committee. It also acts as a spotter for reporting trends in the nation, accumulating case studies of jobs well done under trying circumstances.

Ethics Committee chair

Andrew Seaman
Email
@andrewmseaman
Bio (click to expand) Andrew is a medical journalist for Reuters Health in New York. Before coming to Reuters Health, he was a Kaiser Media Fellow at Reuters’s Washington, D.C. bureau, where he covered the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

In 2011, Andrew graduated from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism, where he studied investigative journalism as a Stabile Fellow and was named “Student of the Year.” Andrew also graduated with his B.A. from Wilkes University in 2011.

He’s won numerous awards throughout his short career, including being named a 2010 Tom Bigler Scholar for ethical standards in journalism, the 2009 Robert D.G. Lewis First Amendment Award, the 2009 and the Arthur H. Barlow National Student Journalist of the Year Award.


Fred Brown, vice chair
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Fred Brown is a former national president of SPJ (1997-98) and is very active on its ethics committee. He writes a column on ethics for Quill magazine and served on the committee that wrote the Society’s 1996 code of ethics.

Brown officially retired from The Denver Post in early 2002, but continues to write a Sunday editorial page column for the newspaper. He also does analysis for Denver’s NBC television station, teaches communication ethics at the University of Denver, and is a principal in Hartman & Brown, LLP, a media training and consulting firm. He has won several awards for writing and community service, including a Sigma Delta Chi Award for editorial writing in 1988. He is an Honor Alumnus of Colorado State University, a member of the Denver Press Club Hall of Fame, and serves on the boards of directors of Colorado Public Radio, the Colorado Freedom of Information Council and the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation.




SPJ Ethics
Committee Members


Lauren Bartlett
E-mail

David Cohn

Elizabeth Donald
E-mail

Mike Farrell
E-mail

Carole Feldman

Paul Fletcher
E-mail

Hagit Limor
E-mail

Dana Neuts
E-mail


Chris Roberts

Alex Veeneman
E-mail

Home > Ethics > SPJ Code of Ethics > Zdruzenje poklicnih novinarjev Eticni Kodeks

Zdruzenje poklicnih novinarjev Eticni Kodeks

Preambula
Clani Zdruzenja poklicnih novinarjev verjamejo, da je obvescenost javnosti predhodnica pravice in osnova demokracije. Naloga novinarjev je, da podpirajo ta dva cilja tako, da iscejo resnico in podajajo posteno in celotno sliko dogodkov in zadev. Vestni novinarji vseh vrst medijev in podrocij streme za tem, da sluzijo javnosti z natancnostjo in postenostjo. Profesionalna neoporecnost je temelj kredibilnosti novinarja. Clane Zdruzenja druzi predanost moralnemu obnasanju in sprejemajo ta kodeks, ki doloca nacela in pravila o nacinu dela.


Iskanje resnice in porocanje o njej
Novinarji morajo biti posteni, pravicni in pogumni pri zbiranju, porocanju in interpretaciji informacij.

Novinar mora:

—Preveriti tocnost informacije pri vseh virih in biti previden, da se tako izogne nenamernim napakam. Namerno popacenje dejstev ni dovoljeno v nobenem primeru.
— Biti vztrajen pri iskanju oseb, ki se pojavljajo v novicah, in jim dati moznost odgovora na navedbe o njihovih prestopkih.
— Navesti vire, kadar je to mogoce. Javnost ima pravico dobiti kolikor je mogoce veliko informacij o zanesljivosti vira informacije.
— Vedno vprasati vir po razlogih, preden mu obljubi anonimnost. Tocno dolociti pogoje povezane s kakrsnokoli obljubo, dano v zameno za informacijo. Drzati obljubo.
— Zagotoviti, da naslovov, podnaslovov, reklamnega gradiva, fotografij, video in avdio materialov, risb, zvocnih zapisov in dobesednih navedkov ne bo mogoce napacno interpretirati. Ne sme niti prevecpoenostavljati niti poudarjati dogodkov ali okoliscin izven konteksta.
— Nikoli ne sme popaciti casopisne fotografije ali video posnetka. Povecava slike zaradi tehnicne jasnosti je vedno dovoljena. Fotomontaze in foto ilustracije je treba oznaciti.
— Izogibati se zavajujocim ozivljanjem dogodkov in insceniranih dogodkov. ce je ponovna aktualizacija nujna za zgodbo, je to treba navesti.
— Izogibati se skrivnim ali drugim nedovoljenim metodam zbiranja podatkov, razen kadar informacije, ki je vitalnega pomena za javnost, ni mogoce dobiti s tradicionalnimi metodami. Uporabo taksnih metod je treba obrazloziti v sami zgodbi.
— Nikoli ne sme napraviti plagiata.
— Pogumno povedati zgodbo o razlicnosti in obsegu cloveskega dozivljanja, tudi ce to ni priljubljeno.
— Zavedati se svojih kulturnih vrednot in se izogibati vsiljevanju le-teh drugim.
— Izogibati se rasnim, spolnim, starostnim, verskim, etnicnim in geografskim stereotipom ter stereotipom povezanim s spolnimi nagnjenji, invalidnostjo, fizicnim izgledom in socialnim polozajem.
— Podpirati odprto izmenjavo pogledov, tudi tistih, s katerimi se ne strinja.
— Dati besedo tistim, ki je nimajo; uradni in neuradni viri informacij imajo lahko enako veljavo.
— Razlikovati med zagovarjanjem in porocanjem. Analiza in komentar morata biti oznacena in ne smeta popaciti dejstev in vsebine.
— Lociti novico od oglasanja in se izogibati hibridom, ki brisejo meje med obema.
— Zavedati se, da je njegova dolznost tudi, da zagotovi, da je javnost seznanjena s tem, kako se vodijo javni posli, in da ima vpogled v vladne arhive.



Minimiziranje skode
Moralni novinarji obravnavajo vire, subjekte in kolege kot cloveska bitja, ki so vredna spostovanja.

Novinar mora:

—Pokazati socutje s tistimi, ki jih lahko prizadene neugodno medijsko porocanje. Posebno rahlocuten mora biti z otroci in neizkusenimi viri informacij in osebami o katerih poroca.
— Biti rahlocuten, kadar prosi ali objavi intervju ali fotografije ljudi, ki jih je doletela nesreca.
— Zavedati se, da zbiranje informacij in njihova objava lahko ljudem povzroci skodo ali jih spravi v neugoden polozaj. Iskanje novic novinarju ne daje pravice do arogance.
— Zavedati se, da imajo privatne osebe vecjo pravico do nadzora informacij, ki so objavljene o njih, kot javni usluzbenci in tisti, ki zele dobiti oblast in vpliv ter zbuditi pozornost. Samo izjemna javna potreba lahko opravici vdor v zasebnost neke osebe.
— Pokazati taktnost. Ne dovoliti, da ga zapelje nizkotna radovednost.
— Biti previden pri identificiranju mladoletnih osumljencev kriminalnih dejanj ali spolnih deliktov.
— Biti razsoden pri navajanju imen osumljencev pred uradno vlozitvijo obtoznice.
— Najti ravnotezje med osumljencevo pravico do pravicne sodbe in pravico javnosti do obvescenosti.



Neodvisno delo
Edini interes novinarjev mora biti pravica javnosti do obvescenosti.

Novinar mora:

— Izogibati se nasprotujocim se interesiom, resnicnim ali navideznim.
— Izogibati se zvezam in aktivnostim, ki bi lahko kompromitirale njegovo dobro ime ali skodovale verodostojnosti.
— Odreci se darilom, uslugam, nagradam, brezplacnim potovanjem in posebnemu tretmanu ter se izogibati dodatni zaposlitvi, aktivnosti v politiki, drzavnih uradih in sluzbah in javnih organizacijah, ce bi to lahko kompromitiralo njegovo neoporecnost.
— Razkriti neizogibne konflikte.
— Biti pazljiv in pogumen, ko gre za odgovornost vplivnih ljudi.
— Odkloniti poseben tretman oglasevalcem in posameznikom ali skupinam s posebnimi interesi ter se upreti njihovim poskusom, da bi vplivali na porocanje.
— Biti pazljiv pri virih, ki ponujajo informacije v zameno za usluge ali denar; izogibati se nudenju placila za novice.



Odgovornost
Novinarji odgovarjajo svojim bralcem, poslusalcem, gledalcem in drug drugemu.

Novinar mora:

—Razloziti in pojasniti porocanje in biti pripravljen na dialog z javnostjo glede novinarskega obnasanja.
— Spodbujati javnost, da izrazi svoje pritozbe v zvezi s porocanjem javnih obcil.
— Priznati napake in jih takoj popraviti.
— Razgaliti neetnicne postopke novinarjev in medijev.
— Drzati se istih visokih meril, ki jih zahteva od drugih.



Svoj prvi eticni kodeks si je Zdruzenje poklicnih novinarjev sposodilo od Ameriskega drustva casopisnih urednikov leta 1926. Clani Zduzenja so lastni kodeks napisali leta 1973 in ga dopolnili leta 1984 in 1987. Sedanji kodeks je bil sprejet na nacionalni konvenciji septembra 1996.

Translation by Lojzka Iskra in Ljubljana, Slovenia: September 1999.

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SPJ Code of Ethics
English | PDF version
Arabic [PDF]
Chinese [PDF]
Croatian [PDF]
French
German [PDF]
Greek [PDF]
Hungarian [PDF]
Macedonian [PDF]
Persian
Portuguese
Slovene
Spanish

Other Codes of Ethics


Codes of Ethics History
Coded Controversy [Quill, April 2010]
1926 Ethics Code [PDF]
1973 Ethics Code [PDF]


Ethics
Ethics Home
SPJ Code of Ethics
News/Articles
Case Studies
Committee Position Papers
Ethics Answers
Ethics Hotline
Resources
Ethics Committee

Code Words: SPJ’s Ethics Committee Blog
Words Matter: Alt Right Alternatives
TV Execs, Journos Fail Viewers With Off-the-record Meeting
Journalists Should Tread Lightly When Projecting Election Results

Ethics Committee
This committee's purpose is to encourage the use of the Society's Code of Ethics, which promotes the highest professional standards for journalists of all disciplines. Public concerns are often answered by this committee. It also acts as a spotter for reporting trends in the nation, accumulating case studies of jobs well done under trying circumstances.
 

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